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Velvet Scoter Melanitta Fusca

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photo by Neill Smith.

Velvet Scoter

Male - The male Velvet Scoter has an all black plumage except for white around the eye and a white speculum, whitish eyes, the beak is orange-yellow with a red tip and the base of the beak has a swollen black knob. Legs and feet are reddish-brown with darker webbed feet.
Female - The female has a dark-brown plumage with two pale patches on each side of the head, brown eyes, lacks the knob on the beak, and white wing patches.

Size: - Typical Adult is 51-57cm (20-22in).

Food: - Mainly dives for molluscs and crustaceans, also mussels, fish spawn, and insect larvae.

Habitat/Range: - Rivers, wooded tundra, coast, and large inland lakes in northern Europe, and Asia (Western Siberia). A small isolated population also breeds in eastern Turkey. It winters in the coastal waters of the UK, Europe, Black Sea, and the Caspian Sea.

Velvet Scoter Map
Breeding Habitat/Resident,    Migration or Winter Area.

Breeding Season: - From mid-May.

Eggs: - 8 to 9 (creamy-white or ivory colour).

Notes: - The Velvet Scoter is a large sea duck which is also sometimes called the Velvet Duck or Whitewing.

Conservation status (IUCN 3.1):

Classification: - Family: Anatidae,
Subfamily: Merginae, Genus: Melanitta.

Wildfowl (Alphabetical order):
A-B    C-F    G-L    M-R    S-Z   


Velvet Scoter - photo by Neill Smith
Velvet Scoter (Melanitta Fusca) - photo by Neill Smith